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Indigenous Peoples, Human Rights, and The Imperial State

Indigenous Peoples, Human Rights, and The Imperial State is one of the five areas of the University of Missouri Peace Studies Program.

From the time of the first trans-Atlantic migrations to North America, war and peace was a key issue in the relations between the new settlers and indigenous populations.   Trans-Atlantic settlers encountered indigenous sovereign nations, and indigenous peoples today insist on carrying forward their sovereignty and self governance despite the greater power of the government of the United States, which some academic writers characterize as the Imperial State that does not recognize the human rights of indigenous populations.

Demographic numbers give a portrait of Native American communities in the context of human rights concerns:

Native American Population Demographics

5.2 million
The nation's population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, including those of more than one race. They made up about 2 percent of the total population in 2012. Of this total, about 49 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native only, and about 51 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native in combination with one or more other races.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

11.2 million
The projected population of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination, on July 1, 2060. They would comprise 2.7 percent of the total population.
Source: Population projections

437,339
The American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination 65 and over.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

14
Number of states with more than 100,000 American Indian and Alaska Native residents, alone or in combination, in 2012. These states were California, Oklahoma, Arizona, Texas, New Mexico, Washington, New York, North Carolina, Florida, Alaska, Michigan, Oregon, Colorado and Minnesota.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

19.6%
The proportion of Alaska's population identified as American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2012, the highest rate for this race group of any state. Alaska was followed by Oklahoma (13.4 percent), New Mexico (10.4), South Dakota (10.0 percent) and Montana (8.1 percent).
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

31.0
Median age for those who were American Indian and Alaska Native, alone or in combination, in 2012. This compares with a median age of 37.4 for the U.S. population as a whole.
Sources: 2012 American Community Survey

Reservations

325
Number of federally recognized American Indian reservations in 2012. All in all, excluding Hawaiian Home Lands, there are 618 American Indian and Alaska Native legal and statistical areas for which the Census Bureau provides statistics.
Source: Census Bureau Geography Division

22%
Percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives, alone or in combination, who lived in American Indian areas or Alaska Native Village Statistical Areas in 2010. These American Indian areas include federal American Indian reservations and/or off-reservation trust lands, Oklahoma tribal statistical areas, tribal designated statistical areas, state American Indian reservations, and state designated American Indian statistical areas.
Source: 2010 Census Summary File 1

Tribes

567
Number of federally recognized Indian tribes.
Data courtesy of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Families

1,122,043
The number of American Indian and Alaska Native family households in 2012 (households with a householder who was American Indian and Alaska Native alone or in combination with another race). Of these, 54.7 percent were married-couple families, including those with children.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

6.2%
The percentage of American Indian and Alaska Natives alone or in combination with other races who were grandparents living with their grandchild(ren) in 2012.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

Housing

54.0%
The percentage of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native householders who owned their own home in 2012. This is compared with 63.9 percent of the overall population.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

Languages

20.4%
Percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives alone or in combination 5 years and older who spoke a language other than English at home in 2012, compared with 21 percent for the nation as a whole.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

Education

78.8%
The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives 25 and older who had at least a high school diploma, GED certificate or alternative credential in 2012. In addition, 13.5 percent obtained a bachelor's degree or higher. In comparison, 86.4 percent of the overall population had a high school diploma and 29.1 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

40.9%
Single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives 25 and older whose bachelor's degree was in science and engineering, or science and engineering-related fields in 2012. This compares with 43.6 percent for all people 25 and older with this level of education.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

70,532
Number of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives 25 and older who had a graduate or professional degree in 2012.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

Jobs

26.1%
The percentage of civilian-employed single-race American Indian and Alaska Native people 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations in 2012. In addition, 25.1 percent worked in service occupations and 22.8 percent in sales and office occupations.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

Veterans

161,686
The number of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native veterans of the U.S. armed forces in 2012.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

Income and Poverty

$35,310
The median household income of single-race American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2012. This compares with $51,371 for the nation as a whole.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

29.1%
The percent of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives that were in poverty in 2012, the highest rate of any race group. For the nation as a whole, the poverty rate was 15.9 percent.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey

Health Insurance

27.4%
The percentage of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives who lacked health insurance coverage in 2012. For the nation as a whole, the corresponding percentage was 14.8 percent.
Source: 2012 American Community Survey